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Der Nah- und Mittelost-Verein e.V. / NUMOV ist Deutschlands älteste und größte Fachorganisation für die Region des Nahen und Mittleren Ostens.

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ORIENT II / 2009

Focus: United States and the Near and Middle East

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prof. Barry Rubin

U.S. Middle East Policy: Too Many Challenges and Yet a Single Theme

 

In his contribution, Prof. Rubin discusses the many challenges the Obama Administration has to face when it comes to the strategy of the U.S. in the Middle East. Prof. Rubin identifies two main problems that need to be solved if the U.S. wants to make progress in its foreign policy. On the one hand, the new administration needs to realize the enormous amount of problems it is facing in the region and find an adequate solution for each. Among others, he suggests putting a high priority on Pakistan and Afghanistan and urges U.S. politicians to try a friendly diplomacy to persuade Iran to change its course. On the other hand, the author clarifies that in case the U.S. wants to achieve these goals, the neo-conservative U.S. politicians would need to be disempowered. In short, the article underlines the fact that the U.S. still has a long way to go if it wants to bring peace to the region.

 

Middle East, U.S. Foreign Policy, Obama, Strategy, Iran, Pakistan, Neo-Conservatives

 

Weiterlesen: ORIENT II / 2009

ORIENT I / 2009

Focus: Pakistan - Afghanistan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Gunter Mulack

Uneasy Neighbours- The relationship between Afghanistan and Pakistan

 

The article provides a basic analysis of the problematic relationship between Afghanistan and Pakistan in its historical and cultural dimension. The conflicts stem from the Durand Line the border between the two countries, which was introduced by the British in the 19th century and divides the Pashtu tribe. Afghanistan does not recognize that border. The author stresses the international and particularly the German efforts to ease the conflict and concludes that reconciliation between the countries is possible, as shown in European history between former arch-enemies like France and Germany. However, a solution cannot be imposed by foreign outsiders, but has to be developed by both governments and populations.

 

Pakistan, Afghanistan, Durand Line, relationship

 

Weiterlesen: ORIENT I / 2009

Orient II / 2008

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Höhne-Sparborth

Social Change in Saudi Arabia: Regime, Religion, and the People

 

Politically and socially, Saudi Arabia appears to be a country frozen in time. Although leaders and citizens alike now sing to the common tune of reform, the Saudi regime's authoritarianism seems to remain firmly in place. Nevertheless, this paper argues that the royal family may be more favourably disposed to social change than previously assumed, because Wahhabism's exclusivist message has in fact become less of an asset and more of a liability to the regime. However, this social change will have to come through a slow-pace, bottom-up process.

 

Saudi Arabia, Wahhabism, Reform, Social Change, Authoritarianism, Social Pluralism

 

Weiterlesen: Orient II / 2008

ORIENT III / 2008

Focus: Islamic Banking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ph.D. Paul Rivlin
The
Development of IslamicBanking

This paper examines the principles on which Islamic banking is based. It then looks at how these principles have been implemented by banks in the last 25 years. Some critiques of Islamic banking are then outlined and the paper concludes with an estimate of the scale of Islamic banking and its growth in recent years, with special attention to developments in Germany, the UK and the USA.

 

Islamic Banking, Historical Development, Riba, Mudarabah, Murabahah, Musharakah, Critique, UK, Germany, USA

 

Weiterlesen: ORIENT III / 2008

ORIENT I / 2008

Foucs: Nuclear Proliferation and the Near and Middle East

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dr. Gawdat Bahgat

Nuclear Arms Race in the Middle East: A Myth or a Reality?

 

The essay seeks to address the concern over whether a possible Iranian nuclear program will trigger a regional nuclear arms race. At first the author briefly discusses some theoretical perspectives on nuclear proliferation and how they apply to the Middle East. This is followed by a close examination of two case studies – Egypt and Saudi Arabia. In the final section, the conclusion is drawn that an Iran with nuclear weapons capability is likely to further destabilize the Middle East but is not likely to ignite a regional nuclear arms race.

 

Iran, Nuclear Weapons, Balance of Power, Regional Powers, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Israel, Nuclear Proliferation

 

Weiterlesen: ORIENT I / 2008

Weitere Beiträge...

  1. ORIENT IV / 2007

Zeitschrift ORIENT

 

ORIENT II/2019

 

ORIENT I/2019

 

ORIENT IV/2018

 Orient II 2019 M  Orient I 2019 M  Orient IV 2018 M

 

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Festveranstaltung zur Ernennung von Gerhard Schröder zum Ehrenvorsitzenden des NUMOV

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Über die Stiftung

Die Deutsche Orient-Stiftung (DOS) ist die älteste privatwissenschaftliche Forschungseinrichtung zum Nahen und Mittleren Osten in Europa.

 


Gegründet 1934 NUMOV / Nah- und Mittelost-Verein e.V.